Petroleum/Crude Oil Sludge Drying

All Dryers Are Customized

Engineers available to offer overseas service

All Year Round After Sale Hotline

Free Remote Technical Support and Training

Warranty: 1 Year

Certification: ISO9001

Application: Petroleum Sludge, Oil Sludge, Metal sludge, Steel sludge, Chemical Sludge, Paper Sludge, Oilfield sludge, Sticky Sludge

Product Details

In the production and exploration of petroleum, wastes are generated which includes drilling fluid, petroleum wastewater, petroleum effluent treatment plant sludge and bottom tank sludge. A petroleum refinery with a production capability of 105,000 drums per day make approximately 50 tons of oily sludge per year.

Petroleum sludge compositions contain both organic components and heavy metals with typical range of high concentrations of metals in petroleum sludge from refineries was reported as Zn, Fe, Cu, Cr, Ni, and Pb. The improper disposal of petroleum sludge to the environment, create a major threat such as significant modifications in the chemical and physical properties of the surrounding soils, resulting in morphological change.

Crude oil sludge refers to the general term for the hazardous solid waste consisting primarily of petroleum components formed in the petroleum extraction, smelting, storage, and transportation processes in petrochemical industry. Its main components are crude oil and refined oil, silt. After thorough emulsification and mixing with water, it is formed into the black viscous colloidal substances, which is difficult to separate and recover; and contains the heavy metals (copper, chromium, zinc, mercury, etc.) that will cause serious environmental pollution, as well as some radioactive and harmful substances that will pose a serious threat to human life and the entire ecological environment of the earth.

Due to the hazardous characteristics of oily sludge, in the process of the harmless disposal and resource utilization of oily sludge, it is necessary to apply in accordance with the requirements of the “Environmental Prevention and Control Law for Solid Waste Sludge” and the “Administrative Measures for the Operational License for Hazardous Wastes”, and to deal with hazardous waste business licenses.

Recycling has proven to be one of the major alternatives to manage petroleum sludge. Recycle is the reprocessing and reformulation of oily sludge with high concentration of oil (> 50%) and a relatively low concentration of solids (< 30%) by the petroleum industry for energy recovery. Recycling will positively reduce the volume of hazardous petroleum sludge from storage tanks, and therefore preventing environmental pollution and reducing the economic consumption of non-renewable energy resources.

In practice, regardless of disposal or utilization recycling, the first step must be the sludge dewatering, that is the reduction of sludge. However, because of its special composition, sludge has high water content, large volume, and big difficulty, which is the problems that plague petrochemical enterprises.

ZJN “Rotary Rake Three Pass Multi-loop” Dryer for high-humidity and high-viscosity oil sludge is specially designed for solving these problems. A number of national patent technologies have been adopted by the drying equipment includes the guiding and lifting devices, the material feeding method, the thermal energy distribution and hot air volume control etc. The success operation in several large petrochemical enterprises fully proves that this set of equipment has a very satisfactory drying effect on oil sludge. Now it has been imported to a number of petrochemical enterprises such as Russia, India, Malaysia and Saudi Arabia. The prospects are very promising!

Constitute:Hot Air System + Drying Unit + Tail Gas Treatment

Composition of ZJN dryer

Brief Introduction Of Sludge Dryer

Sludge dryer production line generally includes the following system devices: heating system, conveying device, feeding system, discharging device, induced draft system, dust collector equipment, sludge dryer, instrument control system, etc.

ZJN sludge dryer is made of wear-resistant and high temperature resistant stainless steel, which has better quality and longer service life than ordinary steel. The equipment can use natural gas, steam, biomass particles, fuel oil, coal, boiler exhaust and other heat sources for heating. From the appearance point of view, the main body of the sludge dryer adopts a multi return structure, which is shorter than the traditional single drum dryer, occupies a smaller area, and is convenient for installation and disassembly. It effectively solves the problems of easy adhesion and wall sticking in the drying process of high humidity and high viscosity sludge. The new internal structure of the cylinder greatly expands the application scope of the equipment, making ZJN sludge dryer suitable for drying different types of high humidity and high viscosity sludge in many industries.

In addition, ZJN provides users with perfect customized service of sludge dryer. According to the characteristics of materials, output, drying degree, site size and other requirements, scientific and reasonable drying scheme can be designed to meet the diversified drying needs of users.

Working Principle Of Sludge Dryer

Working principle of ZJN dryer

During the production process of ZJN sludge dryer, the wet sludge is transported into the drum through the feeding device. The "rotary rake crushing" dispersal device set in the drum first breaks the sludge into small particles, then, under the rotation of the combined lifting device, the material is constantly thrown up and scattered, and the uniform material curtain is lifted on the cross section of the cylinder. The area of heat exchange is greatly increased, the evaporation intensity of the equipment in unit time is greatly increased, the heat energy is effectively used and the heat loss is reduced. Therefore, ZJN sludge dryer will work efficiently and dry well.

The special exhaust mode can effectively avoid the phenomenon of moisture return at the end of the material and uneven drying. The whole drying process can be divided into three stages. While the sludge evaporates rapidly, the water vapor can be discharged from the end of each stage of drying. Compared with traditional drying equipment, ZJN sludge dryer has faster breaking speed, more scientific and reasonable arrangement of lifting device, making wet materials not easy to stick to wall and agglomerate in drying process, making equipment cleaner, environmental protection and energy saving, and greatly extending service life.

Hot Air Heat Source

Heat source selection of dryer

We have different hot air generating device for you. According to your Heat Source, no matter it is natural gas, bio-gas, coal, oil, bio-mass fuel or others, we match furnace, chamber, burner etc to be most suitable. What's more, the boiler flue gas can also be used as heat.

Suitable Materials For Sludge Dryer

sludge dryer materials

The sludge dryer is suitable for electroplating sludge, heavy metal sludge, leather sludge, chemical sludge, printing and dyeing sludge, textile sludge, pharmaceutical sludge, paper sludge, sewage plant sludge, municipal sludge, industrial hazardous waste sludge, alkali sludge, slag and other materials drying.

It is widely used in electroplating enterprises, metal processing enterprises, paper enterprises, textile printing and dyeing enterprises, pharmaceutical plants, sewage treatment plants, chemical enterprises and other industries.

Exhaust Gas Emission Collecting System

ZJN Scrubber


Scrubber systems (e.g. chemical scrubbers, gas scrubbers) are a diverse group of air pollution control devices that can be used to remove some particulates and/or gases from industrial exhaust streams.

The exhaust gases of combustion may contain substances considered harmful to the environment, and the scrubber may remove or neutralize those. A wet scrubber is used for cleaning air, fuel gas or other gases of various pollutants and dust particles. Wet scrubbing works via the contact of target compounds or particulate matter with the scrubbing solution. Solutions may simply be water (for dust) or solutions of reagents that specifically target certain compounds.

ZJN Cyclone Dust Collector

Cyclone Dust Collector

Centrifugal cyclone dust collector, the dust will be separated and recovered in the drying system, through the dry tail gas dust purification device of a cyclone dust collector, suitable for high dust concentration, large dust particles of exhaust gas dust removal operations, the dust collector has a simple structure, stable and reliable operation, long service life, and other characteristics.

ZJN Baghouse


A bag house, also known as a bag house filter, bag filter, or fabric filter is an air pollution control device and dust collector that removes particulates or gas released from commercial processes out of the air.

Most baghouses use long, cylindrical bags (or tubes) made of woven or felted fabric as a filter medium. For applications where there is relatively low dust loading and gas temperatures are 250 °F (121 °C) or less, pleated, non woven cartridges are sometimes used as filtering media instead of bags.

Bag houses are very efficient particulate collectors because of the dust cake formed on the surface of the bags. The fabric provides a surface on which dust collects through the following four mechanisms:

Inertial collection – Dust particles strike the fibers placed perpendicular to the gas-flow direction instead of changing direction with the gas stream.

Interception – Particles that do not cross the fluid streamlines come in contact with fibers because of the fiber size.

Brownian movement – Sub micrometre particles are diffused, increasing the probability of contact between the particles and collecting surfaces.

Electrostatic forces – The presence of an electrostatic charge on the particles and the filter can increase dust capture.

A combination of these mechanisms results in formation of the dust cake on the filter, which eventually increases the resistance to gas flow. The filter must be cleaned periodically.

ZJN sludge dryer

Advantages Of Sludge Dryer

1. Design of high humidity and high viscosity sludge

In order to achieve the purpose of non sticking and non sticking, the internal structure of sludge dryer has been upgraded and modified by ZJN. Through the combined lifting device, the material moves at high speed under centripetal force, and is gradually breaked into smaller particles, and fully contacts with hot air, increases heating energy utilization and drying speed, and avoids sludge sticking to the wall of the cylinder.

2. Energy saving and low operating cost

The special multi-loop structure makes ZJN sludge dryer occupy less land area and effectively reduce the investment in infrastructure. In addition, the equipment has good thermal insulation performance and small heat loss. Compared with the traditional single drum equipment, fuel consumption is greatly reduced and the equipment operation cost is low.

3. Clean and dry, environmental protection up to standard

The equipment has good sealing performance, no dust particles overflow during drying process, and the production environment is clean. The waste gas can be discharged after being collected and filtered by exhaust gas collecting system, cyclone and baghouse (bag dust collector), and can meet the environmental protection standards. The user can use it without worry.

4. The entire drying system is centralized control by ABB/Simens PLC, easy to operate. In the drying equipment, drying, crushing, sieving and conveying process are combined to operate. The whole process is simplified and easy to control automatically. Fully automatic, easy and stable operation.

5. High thermal efficiency, long drying time, large treatment capacity. Down-flow in the first stage cylinder, counter-flow in the second stage cylinder, down-flow in the third stage cylinder, W+S type material transfer trend. Material mixed well with hot air. What’s more, the hot air volume can be distributed into three cylinder drum in different volume according to the wet material mositure content, which we use high mositure content, high air volume and temperature; medium himidity choose moderate volume and temperature; low humidity uses small volume and low temperature, making the material can be always in the ideal drying environment.

6. Drying equipment continuously working 24 hours, continuously feeding wet material and continuously discharging finished product.

Boutique Case